Every software is released after some developing and testing phase. From the beginning of development to releasing the software will go through some process, which is extremely important for the quality building. This is called Software Development Life Cycle.
It is generally divided into two section Testing and Developing pride with releasing period. In this article, we will focus on Testing and Development process.
Every developer uses this process for software developing. Even almost every open source software like WordPress, Ubuntu, Android will go through those process. So how it became a tradition? Well, this history related to IBM ( a software and computer manufacturing company ). Long years ago they use alpha | beta test terminology. For this purpose, they use shortcode ‘A’ ‘B’ ‘C’. A test for verification of a new product is ready to install. B test for a re-verification of the product manufactured. C for a final test before general availability. When software becomes a huge part of the company’s offerings, the alpha is used for pre-announcement test and beta test is used to show the product regardless of general availability.
Now dissuasion on life cycle stags step. Morden developers use 5 standard frameworks or approach before releasing a software. As you can see above Pre-alpha, Alpha, Beta and finally released. But it completely depends on the management. Some time needs an urgency such as security bug fix, will be released just after few testing.
This name refers to all development process before the release of the first look of a software. Pre-alpha is including software function design, collect system requirements, developing code and unit testing.
Function Desing: This is a stage when the product is just an idea. Developers and company make a plan or strategy to make it from illustration to reality.
System Requirements: In this stage developers research on system requirements and collect all resources they need.
Developing Code: This included teamwork equipped with all resources, and start coding and developing the infrastructure as your plan. This is the process where software framework is ready as you think.
Unit Testing: Software framework is ready but needs to check is it functional. This test is taken before an alpha release.
It is the first type of testing on a software product. Where developers are sure that software is functional but need to fix some issues. So the software is distributed for the in-house testing process. In this stage, software is tested through a white box, block box, and gray box testing. The alpha released is usually unstably produced. That means the software still actively developing.
When a software is pushed on the companies website but still need some known improvement, this is the phase called beta. Beta stage use for testing in a real environment on the client device. It is the last testing phase of software development lifecycle. Beta software is fully functional but developers don’t fully sure about it. For this cause, there are two type of beta testing open beta and close beta.
Open Beta: This type of softwares release for everyone to test and reports any incident.
Close Beta: In this release, software is handed on some limited user to test it.
Generally, beta test tells that the software is stable for almost every condition. When beta test is over the software officially released for everyone.